Installing XAMPP on Ubuntu
Installing XAMPP on Ubuntu becomes familiar with many PHP developers. However, it’s new to me.
Sound funny, but I’ve just known that XAMPP can install on Ubuntu. My old way is installing nginx, php, mysql separately.
After installing XAMPP, there are some works you need to do before starting developments.
1. Some directories you must keep in mind
htdocs: /opt/lampp/htocs/ vhost config: /opt/lampp/etc/extra/
2. Directory permission
Change permission of
htdocs directory to
777. Because this is just a development environment, so you don’t worry about the security.
sudo chmod -R 777 /opt/lampp/htdocs
3. Directory ownership
This thing makes my headache.
htdocs folder was created under the root account during the intallation of XAMPP, so you cannot edit files or folders in
In order to change the owership of
htdocs folder, you need the username and group name of the current user. You can easily get them with following commands:
$ whoami thien #username $ id -gn thien #groupname
Once you know the both names, you can use the following command to change the both types of ownership:
sudo chown -R [username]:[groupname] /opt/lampp/htdocs
You can check the ownership with this command:
ls -ld /opt/lampp/htdocs drwxrwxrwx 7 thien thien 4096 Thg 1 24 01:07 /opt/lampp/htdocs
4. Running apache(httpd) process under the current account.
httpd.conf to ensure that we can rollback later.
sudo cp /opt/lampp/etc/httpd.conf /opt/lampp/etc/httpd.confg.bak
Edit the file.
sudo vim /opt/lampp/etc/httpd.conf
Locate following directives
User daemon Group daemon
Change them with you username, groupname above.
Once file is saved, restart the XAMPP.
sudo /opt/lampp/lampp restart
5. Create virtual host
Allow vhost in lampp:
Find and uncomment this config in
# Virtual hosts Include etc/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf
httpd-vhost.conf and add the config like the given example in that file.
sudo vim /opt/lampp/etc/extra/httpd-vhost.conf
After all, restart the XAMPP.